Before European settlers arrived, native inhabitants of the region included the Adena culture of Ohio and nearby states, and the subsequent Hopewell culture known from Illinois to Ohio and renowned for their geometric earthworks. Several surviving examples of earthen mounds made by Mound builders still exist at the Wright Brother’s Memorial atop the bluff overlooking Huffman Prairie. Fairborn is the home of Wright State University. Fairborn is served by a branch of the Greene County Public Library. It is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area. Fairborn is also home to the disaster training facility known as Calamityville. Fairborn was formed from the union of the two villages of Fairfield and Osborn. Fairfield was originally founded in 1816 and Osborn in 1851.